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Silver Garden Web Studio > Terms


Web Standards
The term web standards can mean different things to different people. For some, it is 'table-free sites', for others it is 'using valid code'. However, web standards are much broader than that. A site built to web standards should adhere to standards (HTML, XHTML, XML, CSS, XSLT, DOM, MathML, SVG etc) and pursue best practices (valid code, accessible code, semantically correct code, user-friendly URLs etc). In other words, a site built to web standards should ideally be lean, clean, CSS-based, accessible, usable and search engine friendly.
An accessible website is accessible and usable for everyone, regardless of what hardware and software they are using, and regardless of what they use to navigate on the site.
Search Engine
On the Internet the phrase usually refers to the large databases of Web sites that are automatically generated. These Internet search engines use a software robot or spider that seeks out and indexes Web sites. Some search engines include other Internet resources in addition to Web sites. Such as Google.
The look (or sound) of a website.
The mandatory parts of a document plus the logical markup of the document’s content.
By marking up a document you give the document and its content structure and meaning. On the web, HTML and XHTML is used for markup.
Validation is the process of controlling that a document obeys the rules of the language used in the document. You can compare it to checking a text for spelling and grammatical errors.
W3C (World Wide Web Consortium)
An organization that develops specifications, guidelines, and tools for the Web.
XHTML (Extensible HyperText Markup Language)
HTML reformulated to follow the rules of XML.
XML (Extensible Markup Language)
A markup language that looks like HTML, but allows the author to describe data by defining suitable elements.